Barn Doors: Accessory for video lights, two or four-leaf folding flaps that control light distribution.
Colored material placed in front of a light source to alter its hue. Useful for correcting mismatches in lighting, as in scenes lit by both daylight and artificial light.
LED (light-emitting diode): A cool, low-power light source arranged in panels that are used like l ood or soft lights.
Relector: A large silver, white, or colored l at surface used to bounce light onto a subject or scene.
Scoop: A large bowl-shaped floodlight used mainly in TV studios.
Softlight/Softbox: A lamp or small light enclosed in a large fabric box, which greatly diffuses the light.
Spotlight: A small-source lighting instrument that produces a narrow, hard-edged light pattern. Also called a spot.
Umbrella: A fabric-covered umbrella frame. Metallic cloth umbrellas are used to relect light onto subjects; white cloth models can also filter lights placed in back of them.
Background Light: A light splashed on a wall or other backing to lighten it and add visual interest.
The light that lightens shadows created by the main (key) light.
Gaffer: The chief lighting technician on a shoot.
Key light: The principal light on a subject.