• Lenape Regional High School District

    General Physics, Level 3 Course of Study

    Final BOE Approval May 2011

    Revised October 2009 

    Table of Contents

     

    Members of Revision Committee

     

    Statement of Purpose

     

    Program of Studies Description

     

    Core Content Standards

     

    Textbook and Resource Materials

     

    Course Objectives/Activities

     

    Content Outline/Timeline

     

    Members of Revision Committee

     

    Member

     

    School

    Email 

    Extension

    Megan A. Jones

     

    Shawnee

    mjones@lrhsd.org

    x8566

    Richard Watson

     

    Seneca

    rwatson@lrhsd.org

    x8898

    John Faubl

     

    Lenape

    jfaubl@lrhsd.org

    x8453

    Pete LaMonaca

     

    Cherokee

    plamonaca@lrhsd.org

    x8607

     

    Statement of Purpose:

     

    The purpose of all curriculum guides is to provide direction for instruction. They identify the written outcomes in a subject and /or grade as the basis for classroom activities and student assessment. In order to achieve maximum understanding, the objectives identified as learning outcomes must be written clearly and reflect the specific learning and behavior which are expected.

    Objectives are written as major outcomes and stated to require critical thinking. Teachers should understand that they must make careful decisions about the specific sub skills and prior learning needed to reach these objectives. These professionals are encouraged to reflect with others teaching the same curriculum for this purpose and also to identify the most appropriate resources and methods of assessment. The assessments are directly aligned with the objectives. Therefore, the objectives in this guide are designed to provide direction to the teacher in order to facilitate instructional planning.

    All teachers, parents and students should be informed of the expected outcomes (i.e. objectives) for the subject and/or grade level.

    Program of Studies Description:

     

    Emphasizes concepts and theory in physics. Topics may include: motion, energy, sound, light, electricity, magnetism, and thermodynamics. This course involves laboratory applications of physics concepts. Knowledge of Algebra is recommended.

    Core Content Standards for Physics:

     

    Can be found at http://www.state.nj.us/njded/cccs/

    STANDARD 5.1 (SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES) ALL STUDENTS WILL DEVELOP PROBLEM-SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING AND INQUIRY SKILLS, REFLECTED BY FORMULATING USABLE QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESES, PLANNING EXPERIMENTS, CONDUCTING SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATIONS, INTERPRETING AND ANALYZING DATA, DRAWING CONCLUSIONS, AND COMMUNICATING RESULTS.

    STANDARD 5.3 (MATHEMATICAL APPLICATIONS) ALL STUDENTS WILL INTEGRATE MATHEMATICS AS A TOOL FOR PROBLEM-SOLVING IN SCIENCE, AND AS A MEANS OF EXPRESSING AND/OR MODELING SCIENTIFIC THEORIES.

    STANDARD 5.7 (PHYSICS) ALL STUDENTS WILL GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING OF NATURAL LAWS AS THEY APPLY TO MOTION, FORCES, AND ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS.


    Textbook and Resource Materials:

     

    Textbook:

    Conceptual Physics, 10/E by Paul G. Hewitt

    Resource Materials:

    • Instructor's Manual for textbook
    • Transparencies for textbook
    • Computerized and Printed Test Banks for textbook
    • Lecture launcher for textbook
    • Web Access for textbook
    • Lab Manual for textbook
    • Problem Solving Workbook for textbook
    • Practicing Physics for textbook
    • Data Studio
    • WebAssign
    • Mechanical Universe DVD series Programs 1-52
    • Conceptual Physics Alive DVD series
    • Physics Cinema Classics, DVD series
    • ESPN Sports Figures Videos
    • A&E Biographies of related Physicists and Inventors
      • Alexander Graham Bell
      • Albert Einstein
      • Benjamin Franklin
      • Isaac Newton
      • J. Robert Oppenheimer
      • Wilbur & Orville Wright
    • Interactive Physics Computer Program

    Course Objectives/Activities:
     
    Objective 1:

    The student will be able to utilize the Scientific Method to:

    a) demonstrate the ability to compile and assess quantitative and qualitative data

    b) construct graphs and perform mathematical calculations to interpret data and formulate conclusions.

    5.1.12.B.1-B.4.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.3

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Brainteaser Exercise
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Metric System
      • Significant Figures
      • Scientific Notation
      • Dimensional Analysis
    • Graphical Analysis Lab
    • Precision and Accuracy Lab
    • Metric Measurement Lab
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 2:

    The student will be able to determine the difference between speed, velocity, acceleration, and free fall to:

    a) analyze and explain a system

    b) formulate how to solve a problem

    c) solve problems

    NJ CCCS: 5.2.12.E.1-E.2, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • speed/velocity/acceleration
      • free fall
    • Speed/Velocity/Acceleration Labs
      • Football Field
      • Pendulum, Quickly Spinning Motor, Turntable
    • Free Fall Lab
      • Stairwell lab
      • Picket Fence Lab
      • Egg Drop Lab
    • Small Group Problem Solving
    • Practice Problems
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Internet Based Assignment
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Demonstrations
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 3:

    The student will be able to inspect and describe how Newton's Three Laws affect systems. The students will evaluate problems concerning these laws.

    NJ CCCS: 5.2.12.E.3-E.4, 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Copernicus
      • Galileo
      • Newton
      • Newton's Three Laws
    • Newton's Laws Labs
      • Atwood Machine
      • Brick and Stopper Lab
      • Cart/Brick and a Hanging Mass
    • Egg Drop Lab
    • Small Group Problem Solving
    • Major Scientist Project
    • Demonstrations
    • Practice Problems
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Internet Based Assignment
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 4:

    The student will be able to examine the effects and identify the important components of Universal Gravitation.

    NJ CCCS: 5.2.12.E.4, 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Class Discussion on Universal Gravitation
      • Kepler's Laws
      • Law of Universal Gravitation
    • Universal Gravitation Computer Lab
    • Mechanical Universe Videos
    • The Solar System - Project/Presentation
    • Small Group Problem Solving
    • Demonstrations
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Internet Based Assignment
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum.
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 5:

    The student will be able to analyze vectors and kinematics in two dimensions and projectile motion.

    NJ CCCS: 5.2.12.E.1, 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom discussion
      • Vectors
      • Projectile Motion
    • Vector Drawing Lab
    • Projectile Motion Lab – Shoot for your Grade
    • Mousetrap Catapult Lab
    • Mechanical Universe Videos
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 6:

    The student will be able to explain how simple collisions work, by developing an understanding of Conservation of Momentum.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2, D.4

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Momentum and Impulse
      • Elastic and Inelastic collisions
    • Mechanical Universe Videos
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Elastic vs. Inelastic collisions Lab
    • Momentum and Impulse Lab
    • Egg Drop Lab
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 7:

    The student will be able to distinguish between different types of energy. The student will examine the relationship between work and power, to develop an understanding of the Conservation of Energy.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom discussion
      • Work and Power
      • Types of Energy
      • Conservation of Energy
    • Kinetic vs. Potential Energy Lab
    • Mechanical Universe Lab
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Physics Day at Amusement Park
    • Amusement Park Physics Virtual Lab
    • Mechanical Car Lab
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 8:

    The student will be able to inspect the concepts of temperature, heat, and internal energy. The student will examine how these components affect a system.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Temperature scales
      • Heat in a system
    • Specific Heat Labs
    • Unknown Temperature scale Lab
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Which scale is best: Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin? Project
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 9:

    The student will be able to diagram, describe and analyze different types of waves.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.2.12.E.2, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities , , to meet obje, ctive:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Waves versus Vibrations
      • Types of waves
    • Slinky Lab
    • Mechanical Universe Lab
    • Franklin Institute Field Trip
    • Sound waves and the Ear lab
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 10:

    The student will be able to inspect the origin and nature of sound. The student will explain how sound waves are created, transmitted, and how they interact.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.2.12.E.2, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Resonance and Interference
      • Speed of Sound
    • Mechanical Universe Video
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Speed of Sound Labs
      • Tuning fork and Water column
      • The Soundry
    • Musical Instrument Project/Presentation
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 11:

    The student will be able to examine the electromagnetic spectrum and differentiate between the distinct types of EM waves. The student will describe how the spectrum is created and the unique properties of each type of wave.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.2.12.E.2, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Electromagnetic Spectrum
      • Color versus Pigment
    • Atomic Spectra Lab
    • Color Lab
    • Mechanical Universe Video
    • Franklin Institute Field Trip
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 12:

    The student will be able to explain the principles of reflection and refraction and apply this knowledge to converging and diverging lenses.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.2.12.E.2, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Reflection vs. Refraction
      • Converging vs. Diverging Lenses
      • Ray Diagrams
      • Vision
    • Ray Diagram Lab
    • Properties of Light and Lenses Lab
    • “Light, Lenses, & Lasers” video from Survey of Science
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 13: The student will be able to explain how electrical forces and charges behave in experimental and day-to-day life.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.2

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Conservation of Charge
      • Conductors and Insulators
      • Electric Fields/Potential/Potential Energy
    • Demonstrations
      • Van de Graff Generators
      • Static Electricity
    • Field Trip – Franklin Institute
    • Mechanical Universe Videos
    • Conceptual Physics Video
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 14:

    The student will be able to explain and utilize Ohm's Law to describe how circuits work and calculate both simple and complex circuits.

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Class Discussion
      • Ohm's Law
      • Circuit Schematics and Diagramming
    • Circuit Labs
      • Circuits in Parallel
      • Circuits in Series
      • Complex Circuits
    • Circuit Diagramming Worksheets
    • Mechanical Universe Video
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computer Assisted and/or Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Objective 15:

    The student will be able to examine the atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear energy. The student will then produce an explanation of the pros and cons of nuclear energy.

    NJ CCCS: 5.1.12.A.1-A.3, 5.1.12.B.1-B.4, 5.1.12.C.1-B.3, 5.1.12.D.1-D.3

    Activities to meet objective:
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Radioactivity
      • Carbon Dating
      • Fission/Fusion
    • Mechanical Universe Video
    • A&E Biography of J. Robert Oppenheimer
    • Types of Power Project/Presentation
    • What type of power is best - Activity
    • Related LaserDiscs/Videos/DVDs
    • Demonstrations
    • Internet Based Assignments
    • Computerized Actual/Virtual Labs
    • Practice Problems
      • Paper/Pencil
      • WebBased
      • Computerized
    • Teacher created assignments
    • Any additional activities/materials that are relevant to this curriculum
    Assessment:
    • Worksheets
    • Homework Assignments
    • On-line Assignments
    • Quizzes/Tests/Exams
    • Classroom Participation
    • Projects/Presentations
    • Laboratory Experiments/Reports/Write-ups/Practicum/Quizzes
    • Any additional form of assessment created by/or assigned by the teacher.
    Content Outline/Timeline

    The following are topics to be covered in the course of one school year. This is not necessarily a sequential representation.

    CONTENT OUTLINE TIMELINE

    I. About Science 4 days

    A. Physics- The Basic Science

    B. Mathematics – The Language of Science

    C. Scientific method

    D. Metric System

    II. Motion 19 days

    A. Motion is Relative

    B. Speed

    C. Velocity

    D. Acceleration

    E. Free Fall

    III. Inertia- Newton's First Law of Motion 10 days

    A. The Big Three on Motion

    1. Aristotle

    2. Copernicus

    3. Galileo

    B. Newton's Law of Inertia

    C. Mass – A Measure of Inertia

    IV. Force and Acceleration – Newton's Second Law of Motion 7 days

    A. Force Causes Acceleration

    B. Mass Resists Acceleration

    C. Newton's Second Law

    D. Statics

    E. Friction

    F. Pressure – Applying Force

    V. Action and Reaction – Newton's Third Law of Motion 7 days

    A. Interactions Produce Forces

    B. Newton's Third Law

    C. Identifying Action and Reaction

    D. Action and Reaction on Different Masses

    VI. Universal Gravitation 6 days

    A. The Falling Apple/Moon/Earth

    B. Kepler's Three Laws

    C. The Law of Universal Gravitation

    D. Gravity and Distance: The Inverse-Square Law

    E. Universal Gravitation

    VII. Gravitational Interactions 10 days

    A. Acceleration Due to Gravity

    B. Gravitational Fields

    C. Weight and Weightlessness

    D. Ocean Tides

    E. Black Holes

    VIII. Vectors 10 days

    A. Vector and Scalar Quantities

    B. Vector Representation of Force and Velocity

    C. Geometric Addition of Vectors

    D. Equilibrium

    E. Components of Vectors

    F. Components of Weights

    G. Projectile Motion

    IX. Momentum &n,bsp;, &nbs, p;7 days

    A. Momentum

    B. Impulse Equals Change in Momentum

    C. Bouncing

    D. Conservation of momentum

    E. Collisions

    X. Energy 10 days

    A. Work

    B. Power

    C. Energy – Mechanical, Potential, and Kinetic

    D. Conservation of Energy

    E. Collision

    **Approximate Division Between Semester 1 and Semester 2**

    XI. Vibrations and Waves 11 days

    A. Vibration of a Pendulum

    B. Wave Description

    C. Wave Motion and Wave Speed

    D. Transverse and Longitudinal waves

    E. Interference

    F. Standing Waves

    G. The Doppler Effect

    H. Bow and Shock Waves

    XIII. Sound 11 days

    A. The Origin and Nature of Sound

    B. Mediums that Transmit Sound

    C. The Speed of Sound

    D. Forced Vibration

    E. Natural Frequency

    F. Resonance and Interference

    G. Beats

    XIV. Light 8 days

    A. The Speed of Light

    B. Electromagnetic Waves

    C. Electromagnetic Spectrum

    D. Light and Transparent Materials

    E. Opaque Materials

    F. Shadows

    H. Polarization

    XV. Color 9 days

    A. The Color Spectrum

    B. Color by Reflection and Transmission

    C. Sunlight

    D. Mixing Colored Light

    E. Complementary Colors

    F. Mixing Colored Pigments

    G. Blue Sky and Red Sunsets

    H. Atomic Spectra

    XVI. Reflection and Refraction 9 days

    A. Reflection

    B. The Law of Reflection

    C. Mirrors

    D. Diffuse Reflection

    E. Reflection of Sound

    F. Refraction

    G. Refraction of Sound

    H. Refraction of Light

    I. Atmospheric Refraction

    J. Dispersion in a Prism

    K. The Rainbow

    L. Total Internal Reflection

    XVII. Lenses 8 days

    A. Converging and Diverging Lenses

    B. Image Formation by a Lens

    C. Constructing Images Through Ray Diagrams

    D. Image Formation Summary

    E. Common Optical Instruments

    F. The Eye

    G. Some Defect in Vision

    H. Some Defects of Lenses

    XVIII. Electrostatics 3 days

    A. Electrical Forces and Charges

    B. Conservation of Charge

    C. Coulomb's Law

    D. Conductors and Insulators

    XIX. Electric Fields and Potential 3 days

    A. Electric Fields

    B. Electric Potential Energy

    C. Electric Potential

    D. Van de Graaff Generator

    XX. Electric Current 3 days

    A. Flow of Charge

    B. Voltage Source

    C. Electrical Resistance

    D. Ohm's Law

    E. Ohm's Law and Electrical Shock

    F. Direct Current and Alternating Current

    XXI. Electrical Circuits 12 days

    A. Electric Circuits

    B. Series Circuits

    C. Parallel Circuits

    D. Schematic Diagrams

    E. Combining Resistors in a Compound Circuit

    F. Complex Circuits

    G. Parallel Circuits and Overloading

    XXII. The Atomic Nucleus and Radioactivity 6 days

    A. The Atomic Nucleus

    B. Radioactive Decay

    C. Radiation Penetrating Power

    D. Radioactive Isotopes

    E. Radioactive Half Life

    F. Carbon Dating

    XXIII. Nuclear Fission and Fusion 7 days

    A. Nuclear Fission

    1. Manhattan Project

    2. Uranium vs. Plutonium

    B. Mass-Energy Equivalence

    C. Nuclear Fusion

    D. Controlling Nuclear Fusion